Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.
There are many types of disabilities such as visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically disabled, learning disabilities, speech impairment, mental disabilities and multiple disabilities.
So, do you have any friends with disability? Well, I have one friend with speech impairment and hearing impaired since she was born. She actually has a voice but she couldn’t hear anything and that’s why she does not know how to speak. The only way for us to communicate is by using a pen and paper. However, using pen and paper to communicate is a bit slow. Therefore, now we can use smart phone to chat with each other which is faster than writing. By using smart phone, we can use some application such as whatsapps and line to chat.
Other than that, ‘smart house’ is also suitable for people with disability. Smart house not only made for people who want to be convenient as well as people with disability.
From the video above, people with disability can just control everything in their house by tapping on the device. They can also purchase stuff by scanning finger print to pay the bill. People with disability can just stay at home and do what they want in the smart house which will prevent some troublesome if they are outside.
Besides, for people with disability who are still in primary or secondary school, they need to bring a lot of textbook with them. It will make them feel uncomfortable with all the heavy textbooks. So, Alberta Government has come out a digital repository for people with disability. ‘A digital repository is a secure online database that houses digital versions of most authorized grades 4 to 12 student basic textbooks for language arts, mathematics, social studies and science’ (Digital repository of textbooks for students with disabilities 2012). Students can use these files to replace books because they do not need to bring textbooks everywhere. As long as they have a computer, they can study in anywhere and anytime. In my opinion, I’m encouraging for schools that have disability class should use this software because it is very convenient for them to learn and study. Although this software only available in Canada, but I really hope that it will expand to other countries as well.
Digital repository of textbooks for students with disabilities 2012, accessed 9/5/2013, from http://www.lrc.education.gov.ab.ca/pdf/Digr-Info-Flyer.pdf
Disabilities 2013, accessed 9/5/2013, from http://www.who.int/topics/disabilities/en/
Goggin G & Newell c 2007, ‘The business of digital disability’, The Information Society: An International Journal, vol.23, no.3, pp 159-168, accessed 9/5/2013, from https://vista.uow.edu.au/webct/urw/tp0.lc20663/cobaltMainFrame.dowebct